The ancient roots of knowledge
Marma-vidya is the science of vital points of the body. In Sanskrit, the word “Marma” is used for a sensitive or vulnerable point on the body. According to Charaka’s classification, Marma is the junction of two or more starting points of: muscles, blood vessels, tendons, bones and joints (a bright example is an elbow or knee). Some of the Marmas are positioned inside of the body (soft palate, heart, pineal gland, thyroid, thymus etc.).
According to Sushruta, Marma is a combination of three Doshas – bodily constitutions (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) with Prana (life air), Tejas (life fire) Ojas (life liquids), and three Gunas – modes of material nature (Sattva “radiance”, Rajas “movement” and Tamas “inertia”). Working out Marmas we are influencing many areas of our body, enhancing the vitality of the body (Ojas), and bringing brain to balance.
The location of the Marmas is close (but not identical) to the location of the bodily meridians (in Chinese medicine). Exposure to these points stabilizes Prana (the main force of physical health).
One of the earliest mentions of Marmas can be found in the Rig Veda. There are several references to Marmas in the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata regarding protection of the vital points of the body (Marmas) on war horses, elephants, and warriors. It also states that protection might be not only physical, but also mental - using Prana, mental force and frequency vibration (in the form of a Mantra), enhancing the energy of the arrows fired boosted by Tapas - Yogic fire.
Written sources containing teachings on Marmas in the Sushrut tradition include well-known Ayurvedic treatises, such as Sushrut-samhita, and less known Marmarahasyangal and Marmanidanam. These canons address issues of the location of Marmas, each of which is given a name, number, location, projection on the body surface, function, size, classification, signs of direct and complete damage.
Marmas are divided into 5 groups by behavior when being injured:
Sadya pranahara - leading to instant death
Kalantara pranahara - leading to future death after illness due to injury
Vishalyakra - leading to death if the weapon of defeat is removed from the marma leaving wound open
Vaikalyakra - leading to mutilation
Rujakara – causing pain
The points in Marma Vidya are divided into “therapeutic” and “deadly”.
Exposure to the “therapeutic” Marmas can save in the most dangerous conditions. "Deadly" Marmas are not recommended for direct or gross exposure. The ancient Ayurvedic texts warn about the right impact importance. The wrong action of the surgeon during operation if he/she cuts the vital "deadly" Marma will lead to death.
However, two types of Marmas - “therapeutic” and “deadly” are often intertwined. There is always an area of “therapeutic” around “deadly” Marmas, and skillful use (not affecting the death center) will be beneficial.
The knowledge of “deadly” Marmas was indispensable in Indian martial art, the fighters were taught exactly how to protect these points during the fight. They also been taught those blows that could affect these points in different ways.
Both now and in ancient times, Ayurvedic doctors prescribe a course of Marma therapy as an additional, very effective complex to Ayurvedic treatment. Also, Marma therapy is used alone for various problems - from paralysis to psychosomatic diseases.
In some cases, a high-class master of Marma is literally able to perform miracles, returning a seemingly completely hopeless patient back to life.
Marma-Vidya has various ways of exposure on Marmas such as: massaging and pressing with palms and fingers, acupuncture, applying herbal paste, exposure to thin stream of medical oil, milk or herbal concoction, treatment with leeches, bee bites, manipulations with vibrations (using Mantras), Bandhas (energy locks), special meditative techniques, Yoga Asanas and some more...
Yoga practices also stimulate Marmas. For example, performing Asanas, a person gently pulls ad stretches the corresponding skin areas where the Marmas are located, and creating internal pressure influences internal Marmas, taking the right posture you are pressing the Marmas with your limbs thus stimulating the right energy flow (which is why a proper asana structure is essential). Performing various Asanas, you are working out the Marmas, sometimes additional direct stimulation of specific Marma can be applied to enhance the effects of Asana.
Pressing the Marmas during asana practice improves the interaction between the physical and subtle (Pranic) bodies and exchange of energy and information between them, since Marmas connected with Nadis (internal channels of Prana circulation) and with Chakras (centers of energy transformation). Asanas are providing better energy circulation, in tensed or blocked Marma areas.
Asanas act differently on Marmas:
- sitting postures used for "locking" and holding the energy of Marmas at the internal level, looping the circulation of energy on a certain path
- back twists, and opening of hips and shoulders are releasing the energy of Marmas
- back-bends open the Marmas on the front areas of the body
- front-bends act on the Marmas of the back
By influencing Marmas, one can restore the normal connection between the subtle body and the physical body, increasing Ojas (the vital force of the body). By combining Nadis with Marmas, happens a strong stimulation of the body by Pranayama. In this case, you can send Prana through various Marmas (of course, this requires a knowledge on “which Marmas are responsible for targeted result”).
The higher stages of the Ashtanga Yoga are also dealing with the Marmas. For example: during the Mantra-Meditation, special Mantras are used with a certain visualization and directed attention to certain Marma locations, and practitioners after getting some experience in practice begin to feel the state of Marmas, and the flow of energy passing through them. All this is done only by willpower, without involving any external influences.
Manipulations with Chakras such as for example technics of Shat-Charkra-Bhedana is also a part of higher Marma techniques.
It’s just a short discerption on Marma-Vidya yet as you can see, becoming a master of Marma-Vidya is not an easy and fast to do task, yet what to do if you still want to get its benefits and Marma Master is not available at your place?
In such case you may pass through one of our short beginner course where we give simple, easy to follow and understand techniques (yet still very effective) excluding all dangerous and hard to understand knowledge, which you can use for your own benefits and practice by yourself:
We would also like to warn you against frauds now getting popular in Internet, it’s not possible to become a Marma Master in a couple of weeks, and even less so a few days, be smart and stay away from scam, we are interested only on making everybody healthier and happy!
ॐ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः
सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः ।
सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु
मा कश्चिद्दुःखभाग्भवेत् ।
ॐ शान्तिः शान्तिः शान्तिः ॥
Om Sarve Bhavantu Sukhinah
Sarve Santu Niraamayaah |
Sarve Bhadraanni Pashyantu
Maa Kashcid-Duhkha-Bhaag-Bhavet |
Om Shaantih Shaantih Shaantih ||
Om, May All be Happy,
May All be Free from Illness.
May All See what is Auspicious,
May no one Suffer.
Om Peace, Peace, Peace.
I had attended only a few classes with Yogi Mahadev ji over the course. The classes that I attended was really a surreal experience for me. Be it yoga or meditation he seems to know what needs to be done and how to teach the layman. He was polite and patient in answering all our queries irrespective or the number of times we asked. His meditation sessions were really peaceful. Not just meditating but he took time to explain all about the chakras balancing them and activating them and also the relation between them. These were insightful sessions we had.
— Amaresh kumar, Chennai
Being a doctor, i have never felt better just after the 1st session, my neck spine and all joints feel so relieved and happy, had a sound sleep with no pains.
DR.Sivaprakash, Dentist @ doctor smiles groups of hospitals, chennai.